Uncontrolled movement leads to hyperactivity

Balance = Controlled movement = Absence if hyperactivity 

Reasons why a child might be labelled hyperactive:
  • A lack of discipline, 
  • Poor diet,  
  • Aberrant primitive reflexes, 
  • Chemical imbalances and many more. 

There are many reasons why a child can be labelled hyperactive: 
Sometimes a child may appear to be hyperactive because he has not moved enough to find his balance. Balance is that perfect spot between left or right; between backward or forward; and between lying down and standing up straight; and can only develop through lots of movement. 

A child has to move a lot before he can sit or stand still. Balance is not developed by any kind of movement, the child needs to learn to control his movement before he can develop balance. Reading, writing and reasoning becomes seriously compromised if a child cannot be still, because a body that moves uncontrollably works just like a GPS that continuously ‘recalculates’ without completing a task.

Movement and learning

Learning involves the building of skills, and skills are built through the movement of muscles. According to Goddard (2002): if a child has immature pathways between his senses and muscles, it correlates with uncontrolled and inappropriate movements. 
A child needs to consciously compensate for these uncontrolled movements by using mental energy, focus and concentration to control movement and posture, resulting in less mental energy, focus and concentration available with which to think and learn
because nerve pathways must pass through the phases of survival movement to reach the higher functional areas of the brain, an immaturity within the survival brain will have detrimental effects on the higher centres of the brain (emotional and cognitive centres). 

A child’s behaviour is a direct result of his or her ability or inability to control his or her movement. If the body cannot be still, neither the heart nor the mind can be still and concentrating.

You might want to read this article on why and how your child should move.